The murder of Empress Myongsong in 1895, also known as the Ulmi incident, is registered in the history of Japan’s invasion of Korea.
At the end of the 19th century, Japan’s moves to reduce Korea to its colony reached the extreme.
At that time Japan harboured the wild ambition to conquer Korea, which was a theatre of scramble for colony staged by European and American powers. But it lacked strength for frontal confrontation with them.
Japan’s attempt to reduce Korea to its colony which was pressed ahead after the Sino-Japanese war faced a stumbling block due to the feudal Joson dynasty’s policy of drawing closer to Tsarist Russia.
Concluding that it would be unable to reduce Korea to its colony without taking a decisive measure, the Japanese government found its way out in killing Empress Myongsong.
Japan attempted to convert the feudal Joson dynasty’s policy friendly to Russia into a pro-Japanese policy by killing the Empress.
The Korean empress, who held national power in her one hand and reigned over the country by representing Emperor Kojong, was a big obstacle to the Japanese militarists who planned to push ahead with reducing Korea to their colony with rapid strides after securing domination over Korea.
Finally, Japan worked out in detail a plan to kill the empress and propelled it secretly.
The Japanese aggression troops killed the regiment commander of the Korean royal guard on the early morning of October 8 (August 20 by lunar calendar) and stabbed all ladies to death after raiding the residence of the Korean emperor and confining him and the crown prince. Because they thought that if they killed all court ladies there would be Empress Myongsong among them.
After confirming that a woman, who fell on the ground among court ladies while shedding blood before breathing her last, was the empress, they put her on a pile of wood, poured petroleum over her body and set fire on it. They even threw a few bone pieces into a pond to remove all their criminal traces.
After killing the empress, the Japanese imperialists became more brazen in their plots to reduce Korea to a colony and finally occupied it by force of arms.
During colonial rule over Korea, they perpetrated heinous unethical crimes in large numbers.
In the course of this, they forcefully drafted and abducted more than 8.4 million young and middle-aged Koreans to use them as cannon fodder for a war of aggression and force them to do slave labour. And they slaughtered more than a million Koreans.
Particularly, they forced 200 000 Korean women into sexual slavery and this heinously unethical crime still draws strong condemnation and denunciation of the international community.
Nevertheless, the Japanese resort to petty tricks in a bid to cover up and glorify their crime and run amuck to realize their wild dream for reinvasion.
However, the Korean people will never pardon the criminals, but make them pay dearly.